Psoriasis is a chronic disease that affects the life cycle of your skin cells. It causes rapid build-up of cells on the skin's surface. This will form thick scales and dry, red, itchy, sometimes painful patches. One can find treatment for psoriasis in the form of over the counter and prescription medications, as well as home remedies.
Treatment options aim to disturb the cycle which causes the increase in the production of skin cells. This will aid in reducing plaque formation and inflammation. It also aids with the removal of the skin and promotes smoothness. This is particularly so when use is made of topical treatments that are applied directly to the skin.
Treatment plans consist of three main types. Light therapy, oral medications and topical treatments form part of the main types of treatment. Artificial UV or natural light is used during light therapy. For an easy treatment option, you should expose the skin to a restricted amount of natural sunlight. Artificial UV light could be utilized on its own or in combination with other medications.
When the activated cells are exposed to the UV rays in sunlight or in artificial light, they will die. This, in turn, slows down turnover of skin cells and thus reduces inflammation and scaling. Be careful when using natural sunlight as overexposure can damage your skin and may worsen the symptoms. A combination of light therapy and other treatments like retinoids often improves the effectiveness of photo-therapy.
If you suffer from a mild or middling case of psoriasis, you might find relief by applying creams and ointments directly to the skin. If the disease is serious, the ointments could be combined with oral medication or light therapy in order for it to be more effective. Topical corticosteroids are often prescribed for the disease in mild cases as it is a powerful anti-inflammation drug.
Synthetic vitamin D that is added to creams will normally slow down the reproduction of extra skin cells. It is effective in cases that are mild to moderate. It can be combined with alternate medication or light therapy in more severe instances. Coal tar is one of the treatment methods that have been around for centuries. This is produced as a by-product in the production of coal and petroleum products. It is a thick, black product. It causes reduction of scaling, itching and inflammation and has no side effects that are known. It can however be quite messy and may cause staining on bedding and on your clothing. It also has a powerful smell to it. Coal tar can be obtained over-the-counter either as a shampoo, oil or cream.
If the disease is severe and not responding to therapy, retinoids might be prescribed. This will reduce the excess growth of cells. In some cases, it has been noted that the disease symptoms might return as soon as this type of therapy has ended. The side effects related to this remedy might include itching, hair loss and dryness of your skin.
Females who think they may be pregnant or those who are pregnant should not make use of retinoids. It has been linked to birth defects. Those females who have made use of this type of treatment should not become pregnant for a period of at least 3 years after the course of treatment has ended. It is advisable to try and determine the trigger of the condition in order to find a suitable treatment for psoriasis. Some triggers include smoking, infections or stress.